The seasons have changed recently, temperatures have plummeted, human immunity has declined, and various viral activities have raged. In particular, this year's large-scale influenza outbreak in the north, try to avoid the flu as much as possible. In addition to raising the awareness of the vaccine, the flu vaccine is vaccinated at the first time when it is marketed every year, and then it is to develop good hygiene habits, wash hands frequently, drink more water, and less people. The place.
If you accidentally catch a cold, drink plenty of water, do good nursing work, and at the same time teach your child to clog or sneeze, learn to use paper towels or his own arm to avoid being a source of infection.
Now we know that a cold is basically waiting for the process of self-healing. Fever care for fever, fluid replenishment, spirit observation, and anti-fever medication. Many mothers say that I can calm down with a fever, but once the child coughs, I start to feel anxious again.
In fact, coughing is not a beast of floods. On the contrary, it is a protective mechanism of the human respiratory tract. For example, we will clear the abnormal secretions of the respiratory tract by coughing on a foggy day. When a "scavenger", all kinds of respiratory irritant diseases are possible. Symptoms of coughing may cause coughing to dust mites, pollen, hair, etc.
What does home care need to do?
First of all, give your child more water. By increasing the air humidity (using an air humidifier or bathroom steam fumigation) and using physiological saline to atomize the humid airway, you can reduce the child’s respiratory tract discomfort and relieve cough symptoms;
Secondly, children under one year old can be given warm boiled water or warm apple juice, children over one year old can be given honey water to relieve cough;
Once again, when the child is sleeping, the child can be raised to sleep to relieve the cough caused by the post-nasal drip;
The last thing is to learn to observe the medical indications:
One is to observe whether the child's breathing frequency is different from usual;
The second is to observe the color of the child's lips and lips.
The third is whether the cough has irregular breathing (whether there is a sound in the exhalation direction), etc. At the same time, if the child still coughs for more than 2-3 weeks and does not get better, see a doctor. (Viewpoint section from Dr. Chen Ying's "When My Child Is Sick")
Use of atomizer
1. Why is it recommended to use an atomizer?
Because the child's respiratory tract is usually delicate and sensitive, especially now that there are more and more people with primary allergic rhinitis or even variant asthma, we usually recommend that families prepare a simple and portable atomizer.
Nebulization therapy is a drug delivery method that uses an atomization device to disperse medicine into mist droplets or particles, suspend it in gas, and enter the respiratory tract and lungs to achieve the therapeutic effect.
Compared with the oral and injection methods, the amount of nebulized drug delivery is small, and it directly acts on the respiratory tract. The effect is relatively good, and the local administration method has less side effects than the systemic system administration.
2. Why is it recommended that families prepare one?
Mainly because the hospital is almost full of children, respiratory diseases are very easy to cross-infect, and there are few nebulizers, and you need to wait in line. A child crying will cause crying. The medical experience is not good, and the child will be more resistant to atomization. The effect will be bad.
Therefore, it is recommended that the family prepare one, especially if there is a baby with respiratory allergies or asthma at home, you should choose a slightly better atomizer to follow the doctor's instructions.
How to choose an atomizer?
In terms of the selection of atomizers, there are currently three types of household atomizers in principle: one is the compression atomizer, the other is the ultrasonic atomizer, and there is also a mesh atomizer that is relatively rare.
The ultrasonic atomizer mainly uses ultrasonic energy to atomize the water-soluble medicine into particles of 5-8 microns at room temperature, uses ultrasonic directional pressure to spray the water-soluble medicine into a mist, and sprays the medicine into the patient's airway with the help of an internal fan wind force. Then absorbed by the body. However, the particles generated by the ultrasonic atomizer are large, so they can only be used by adults, and children under 10 years of age are not suitable;
Compressed atomizer uses compressed air to form a high-speed airflow through a small tube orifice. Under the impact, it splashes around to make the suspension into mist-like particles and is ejected from the air storage tank. The diameter of the formed particles is 1-5 microns. It is easy to penetrate d